The National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has released its Teacher Shortages and Surpluses Databurst, an analysis of states’ work to track teacher shortages and surpluses, and to implement policy solutions to address these challenges. This resource includes an overview of promising practices currently being implemented, a snapshot of all 50 states’ and the District of Columbia’s efforts in addressing teacher supply and demand challenges, and noteworthy state policies by region across the country.
Currently, 30 states maintain data systems that collect teacher supply data from preparation programs. However, only eight states connect these supply data to district-level hiring statistics, which is necessary to determine the extent to which teacher preparation programs are producing teachers.
In addition to comprehensive data on each state’s efforts to address teacher shortages, this resource recognizes regional leaders in this work across the United States and provides five concrete recommendations for states to improve their efforts, as follows:
- Collect teacher labor market data at the local level;
- Collect data on teacher preparation program graduates, including completion rates and certification area, as well as data on hiring and retention;
- Explicitly connect program supply data to district-level demand data to identify areas of shortage and surplus;
- Use existing data to predict potential areas of over- and under-production in future years; and
- Require preparation programs to set parameters around the number of candidates that can be prepared in each certification area based on existing and predicted need.
The report further recommends that all states consider opportunities to expand their pool of teachers in high-need, hard-to-staff schools and subjects. Specifically, states can advance this work by reviewing their compensation structures to ensure that they provide districts with an opportunity to value relevant, prior work experience and facilitate their districts’ use of part-time teachers with expertise in high-need, hard-to-staff subjects, such as the secondary sciences.
The Databurst and these recommendations are available at https://www.nctq.org/publications/Teacher-Shortages-and-Surpluses-Databurst